What is employment law and what does it cover?

Employment Law is key to ensuring that both employers and employees are protected in the event of a Constructive Dismissal Claim, Unfair dismissal or a discrimination claim. It also gives employers key guidelines to adhere to so that they can ensure that they are treating their employees fairly and safely.

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Many of the rules, regulations and laws that have been created in the UK help to protect employees rights and to give the courts parameters around which to fine and reprimand businesses that are not following the laws.

Here are some of the key regulations and acts that make up Employment Law in the UK.

  • Employment Rights Act 1996 – this includes employee rights that cover maternity and paternity, redundancy and unfair dismissal.

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  • National Minimum Wage Act 1998 – each year we are given a budget by the Chancellor which may include an increase to the MInimum and Living Wages. These are then entered into the original act that was established in 1998 as an addendum.
  • Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 – this covers the protection of employees and their employment contracts during the transferring of a business to another business as a part of a business sale or takeover.
  • The Equality Act 2010 – protects employees from discrimination against any of the 9 protected characteristics. These characteristics can not be used against an employee in any decisions that are made against their employment within the company.

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